Thursday, March 3, 2011

Eutropius, A Brief History Book I


 [In memory of our eternal lord of the Goths and Augustus, Valentius, his former teacher Eutropius]

Flavius Eutropius [Eutropius]
4th c. AD
Trans RMBullard
Latin (Late Imperial/Christian Era)

[1] Romanum imperium, quo neque ab exordio ullum fere minus neque incrementis toto orbe amplius humana potest memoria recordari, a Romulo exordium habet,

[The Roman empire, something which human memory can neither recall in the entire world from the very beginning than by increments of time, begins from the time of Romulus,]

qui Reae Silviae, Vestalis virginis, filius et, quantum putatus est, Martis cum Remo fratre uno partu editus est.

[who was the son of Rhea Silvia, the Vestal Virgin, and as it is believed, was born from the conception of Mars along with his brother Remus.]

Is cum inter pastores latrocinaretur, decem et octo annos natus urbem exiguam in Palatino monte constituit XI Kal. Maias, Olympiadis sextae anno tertio, post Troiae excidium, ut qui plurimum minimumque tradunt, anno trecentesimo nonagesimo quarto.

[Although he used to be a bandit in the accompaniment of shepherds, at the age 18, he found a scanty town on the Palatine Hill on the 11 Kalendae of May, in the third year of the 6th Olympiad, such that most agree more or less that it was the 394th year after the destruction of Troy.]

[2] Condita civitate, quam ex nomine suo Romam vocavit, haec fere egit.
[After he founded his city, which he called Rome from his own name, it turned out to be quite lacking.]

 Multitudinem finitimorum in civitatem recepit, centum ex senioribus legit, quorum consilio omnia ageret, quos senatores nominavit propter senectutem.
[He invited a large group of neighbors into his city, and chose a hundred folks from the older fellows, and he performed all of his acts according to their advice, and he named these fellows 'Senators' on account of their older age.]

Tum, cum uxores ipse et populus suus non haberent, invitavit ad spectaculum ludorum vicinas urbi Romae nationes atque earum virgines rapuit.
[Later on, because the population did not have any women, he invited the neighboring tribes to the city of Rome to see a spectacle of games, and then kidnapped their maidens.]

 Commotis bellis propter raptarum iniuriam Caeninenses vicit, Antemnates, Crustuminos, Sabinos, Fidenates, Veientes.
[When war broke out, on account of the injury caused by their kidnapping, Romulus managed to defeat the forces of Caena, Antemnae, Crustuminum, the Sabines too, Fidena, and Veii.]

Haec omnia oppida urbem cingunt.
[All of these towns surrounded his own city.]